How to write a curriculum vitae (CV)?
The process of presenting to your prospective employer begins when you decide to sign up for a particular job ad. The first thing you should do is to present yourself through your CV to a potential employer.
The reason why you need to have a well-written CV is that you will, in most cases, have a high competition for the certain job, so the purpose of a well-written CV is to separate you from other (many) candidates and to take you as step further to a job interview. The better you present and the more your CV responds to the needs and demands of your employer, the more are the chances that you will be invited to the interview.
The biography or CV should present you in the best light, in a concise and relaxed way. There are multitudes of ways you can write CVs and you can use this fact and be as original as possible. But let’s get started.
Personal / contact data
If your biography attracts someone’s attention, that person will more carefully look at your personal data. When specifying a personal or contact data, your CV should contain:
- Name and surname
- E-mail address
- Mobile phone number
Other information such as address, date of birth is also important, but not crucial. Photography has a very simple (though important) role. It gives the employer the ability to easily connect to the impression of an interview with a specific biography. Of course, pay attention to look at your photo as professionally and politely as you can.
When it comes to experience, it should be noted that it is the most important thing in the whole CV, and it should be the biggest focus when writing a CV. The employers look upon a work experience like on a list of possibilities and generally make conclusions based on your previous experience, in the sense that, what you have previously done and achieved with former employers, will continue to perform just as well for them.
In the context of work experience indicate the company where you worked, the period of employment in each of them and the position in which you were working, also, start with the most recent experience. Do not minimize what you were doing, and do not be ashamed of it. Show your future employer that you are a person who wants to learn and develop their potential in all situations.
The focus should be put on the results achieved in the context of the duties and responsibilities that you had on previous work positions and more details should cite only the work experience relevant to the position you are applying. Use the business vocabulary for descriptions of work commitments and emphasize that you are contributing to or are directly affected to some successes that have been achieved, as this underlines your active role on how well you performed your duties. Remember, everyone on the team wants people who achieve success and contribute to the growth of the company.
Think where you have made a measurable difference, what kind of results you have achieved, what has changed or improved? For example: “Responsible for increasing traffic by 80% compared to the previous year” or “Responsible for increasing the number of customers by 40%”.If you are in a job where the results are difficult to measure, as the results you can provide the accepted ideas that improved the performance of your company.
If you have a rich experience and if all of the experience has to do with the position you are applying for, it is not bad that in the introductory part of the CV you should insert a short text which would consist of two or three sentences summarizing your greatest successes. On the other hand, if not all of your previous jobs are related to the position you preparing a CV, such jobs should only represent (name of position, company name, period of operation) – this is quite enough, because the attention of the employer should be on what you know how well you are doing for the job of which you are applying.
If you do not have work experience (or have it a little), give whatever you have, and it says that you are worthy and you have some work habits – for example: practices that you held, volunteer work, involvement in student organizations and something similar. If you do not have any of that, write your professional goals (what would you like it to be perfect, and what would you like to achieve at work) to the employer realized that your professional aspirations in his career and how you perceive your future job, or in any way you want to build your career.
If you have a different experience of the position you are applying for, a cover letter, first of all, should be your greatest ally. In the cover letter must state the reason you want to change the direction of your career, and indicate that you are willing to learn and work on yourself in order to achieve best results in the new field. Regarding the CV specify all you can to go in favor of such a change (additional education, additional training, etc.). You can write and opening sentence of “professional objectives” where you will indicate briefly what motivated you to change what you have done for the change and what would you like to do in order to be successful in this field. Work experience that you have gained so far list it in the chronological order, everything connected with the new work you are applying you should elaborate in more details, while the rest exhaustively specify.
Diverse work experience – If you still have not found a focus in your career and you have a lot of diverse work experience, specify and elaborate in detail all those experiences that have the most in common with the job that you would like to work and applying for, and all the others should be just mentioned. And in this case you use the cover letter as additional space to explain why you want to apply for the new job and give everything you think is in your favor as proof that you can achieve a successful worker at the new workplace.
Start by providing the highest level of your education and below indicate:
- Name of educational institution
- The period of study/start – finish, the year of graduation/title
- Additional information (scholarships you have received, awards you have won and you can point out what you think is important in these achievements).Information on the average assessment of studies, you can specify if it is above the grade 8.00 or other specific information.
In this section, you can specify the scholarships you have received, awards you have won, and contests in which you have participated. You do not have to specify only the name, year and place. You can describe in a few words what you think is important in these awards, scholarships, etc. If you specify some recognition, in the bottom of the biographies mention that the awards, diplomas, recommendations and other certificates available for inspection upon request.
Training / courses / seminars
Provide professional conferences and seminars in which you have participated, that are relevant to the position you are applying for, and that you have attended in some relatively recently, for example, an ideal that is not older than 5 years. To this section, you can devote more attention and space if you do not have work experience or if it is sparingly.
- Organizer’s name, place and time of the courses, seminars or training
- Acquired diploma/certificate / level of knowledge
- The acquired knowledge/skills/competencies upon completion of the course/training /seminars
With these data, you represent yourself as a person who takes the initiative and is ready to fight for a good education, practical experience and as a person ready to learn and grow.
For most working position, it will be enough to have knowledge in MS Office package (Word, Excel, PowerPoint …) and on the Internet, unless you are applying for a position that requires specific and advanced computer skills, then specify the expertise that you have. If you have completed a computer course, be sure to specify, as well as the institution where you have this gained this knowledge. Write all professional programs that know how to you use them and determine their level of knowledge (beginner, intermediate, advanced, expert level).
If you do not have knowledge of the work in Word, Excel and the Internet, we suggest that you start as soon as possible to gain them, because this is the minimum that is required. It is important, to be honest, and realistic because the employer can check the level of your knowledge through tests or in an interview.
List all your languages, indicating how well you know the language (beginner, intermediate or advanced level). Also, please indicate if you have completed a language course, certificate and / or degree as well as the institution where you have gained this knowledge. Keep in mind that the employer can very easy check how well you know the foreign language. As always, be honest. If you see in the ad that the knowledge of the language is extremely important, but your knowledge is at the middle level, write that you are ready in a short time to perfect the language. And it’s better than to discover that you were not honest because then you will lose all your chances for employment.
The section should indicate a number of personal traits you possess, but relevant to the position on which you apply. It can help you and the job ad, because the ads frequently cited needed characteristics that a candidate should possess. In addition, consider which features are important for the position (for example, analytical and precision of an accountant, communication, and eloquence to the seller and so on.). In addition, you should be prepared for the interview to substantiate the traits that you specify in this section with proper examples.
If you want, you can refresh the biography information about your relevant interests and hobbies. Choose those interests and hobbies that specifically point out your qualities, for example, if you are an amateur photographer, you are a person ready to learn new things and have self-initiative, if you were a member of a sports club, then you are a team worker and own a competitive spirit. Hobbies you provide should be something you really do often (not occasionally or in free time) and they should be relevant and point out your specific character.
These are just standard parts that biography should contain, and you, of course, can add what you think you need is appropriate and create a biography at your discretion. Note that there are no two identical CV`s, therefore, try in the biography, in a subtle way, to leave his personal stamp. Please note that your CV should be adjusted to the appropriate application for the job, to explore what is required of candidates and, in accordance with that, highlight those qualities that characterize you as the right person for the job.